sheepdogpd.com | Übersetzungen für 'age of consent' im Englisch-Deutsch-Wörterbuch, mit echten Sprachaufnahmen, Illustrationen, Beugungsformen. Übersetzung im Kontext von „legal age of consent“ in Englisch-Deutsch von Reverso Context: The fact is that some intelligent children enter postconventional. Übersetzung für 'age of consent' im kostenlosen Englisch-Deutsch Wörterbuch und viele weitere Deutsch-Übersetzungen.
Übersetzung für "age of consent" im Deutsch(law) The age at which a person is legally considered to be mature enough to engage willingly in sexual intercourse. +3 Definitionen. Lernen Sie die Übersetzung für 'age of consent' in LEOs Englisch ⇔ Deutsch Wörterbuch. Mit Flexionstabellen der verschiedenen Fälle und Zeiten. Viele übersetzte Beispielsätze mit "age of consent" – Deutsch-Englisch Wörterbuch und Suchmaschine für Millionen von Deutsch-Übersetzungen.
Age Of Consent Deutsch Beispiele aus dem PONS Wörterbuch (redaktionell geprüft) VideoNew Order - Age of Consent (Music Video)
Sehr gut Age Of Consent Deutsch - "age of consent" auf DeutschKroatisch Wörterbücher.
Neben einer schnellen Navigation dГrft ihr euch Age Of Consent Deutsch Гber den gelungenen Flüge Vegas Casino. - Übersetzungen und BeispieleOn Madeira Island, gay and Us Triestina travellers and indeed locals are more common and definitely more accepted.
Furthermore, there is a close-in-age exemption of 3 years age difference for sexual acts between persons younger than The age of consent in Hungary is A close-in-age exemption allows sexual acts from age 12 if the older party is under The new criminal code in force since 1 July reads: "The person who has completed their eighteenth year who has sexual intercourse with a person who has not yet completed their fourteenth year, commits a felony and shall be punishable with imprisonment from one year to five years".
Until , homosexual acts were illegal. After decriminalisation, the age of consent for homosexual acts was 20 and remained so until From then, until , the age of consent for such acts was 18, as specified by Section In , the Hungarian Constitutional Court repealed Section , and the age of consent for homosexual acts was lowered to 14 in line with heterosexual acts.
The age of consent in Iceland is 15 , as specified by Section of the Icelandic Penal Code, which reads: "Anyone who has carnal intercourse or other sexual intimacy with a child younger than 15 years shall be subject to imprisonment for at least 1 year and up to 15 years.
The age of consent was raised from 14 to 15 in The age of consent in the Republic of Ireland is 17 ,  in relation to vaginal or anal sex, and vaginal or anal penetration.
In the case of offenses with children aged 15 and 16, the relevant statute, Sexual act with child under 17 years of age , provides that "8 Where, in proceedings for an offence under this section against a child who at the time of the alleged commission of the offence had attained the age of 15 years but was under the age of 17 years, it shall be a defence that the child consented to the sexual act of which the offence consisted where the defendant— a is younger or less than 2 years older than the child, b was not, at the time of the alleged commission of the offence, a person in authority in respect of the child, and c was not, at the time of the alleged commission of the offence, in a relationship with the child that was intimidatory or exploitative of the child.
Anal sex was illegal under the Offences against the Person Act , while the Criminal Law Amendment Act criminalised "Defilement of girl between thirteen and sixteen years of age", with more severe penalties for "Defilement of girl under thirteen years of age".
The Carrigan Report into child sex abuse and underage prostitution recommended raising the age of consent to 18 years.
The Criminal Law Sexual Offences Act decriminalised male homosexual acts and created offences of " Buggery of persons under 17 years of age" and " Gross indecency with males under 17 years of age".
It advised that close-in-age cases should remain criminalised, but with more lenient guidelines for sentencing. It also recommended wider publicity of the age limits.
The age of consent in Italy is 14 years, with a close-in-age exception that allows those aged 13 to engage in sexual activity with partners who are under the age of 18, provided that the age gap between them is less than 3 years.
The age of consent rises to 16 if one of the participants has some kind of influence on the other e. Not knowing that the victim is underage is not a legal defense, except when it was unavoidable ignorance.
If the minor involved is under the age of 11, the crime can be punished even without a complaint and the punishment is aggravated.
It is also illegal to perform sexual acts in the presence of a minor aged less than 14 with the intent of allowing the minor to witness the acts, even if they do not take an active part.
See also more related articles from Interpol. The age of consent in Kazakhstan is 16 , according to article of the Crime Criminal Code. Article Sexual Intercourse and Other Actions of a Sexual Character with a Person Under Sixteen Years of Age Sexual intercourse, sodomy, or lesbianism or other acts of sexual nature, with a person who did not reach sixteen years of age, the guilty party being aware of that fact, shall be punished by restriction of freedom for a period up to three years, or by detention under arrest for a period up to six months, or deprivation of freedom for a period up to five years.
The age of consent in Kosovo is Article of the Penal Penalty Code states that "Term 'Consent' means the voluntary agreement of a person who has reached the age of sixteen years to engage in the sexual act in question", and Article states that, 1.
Whoever subjects another person to a sexual act without such person's consent shall be punished by imprisonment of two 2 to ten 10 years".
The main legislation is specified by the Latvian Criminal Law, Section Acts of a sexual nature with a Person who has not Attained the Age of Sixteen Years , which translated reads: "Committing a sexual, anal or oral act or another unnatural sexual act of gratification, or other acts of a sexual nature committed in physical contact with the victim's body, if it was done with a person who has not attained the age of sixteen years and if such offence has been committed by a person who has attained the age of majority, is punished by deprivation of liberty for a term of up to five years, or short-term imprisonment, or community service, or a fine and probationary supervision for a period of up to five years.
Sections and provide harsher penalties for rape and forcible sexual assault of juveniles. Until , male homosexual acts were illegal under Section This provision was repealed by the Latvian Parliament in and the age of consent for male homosexual acts was set at In , the Latvian Parliament adopted a new Criminal Code that contained a complex system of sexual offences: the age of consent for all sexual acts other than vaginal intercourse was 14; for vaginal intercourse it was 16 with a close-in-age exemption that allowed 14 and year olds to have sex with a person under In , the law was amended to clarify the situation and confirm that the age of consent was 16 for all acts only a person aged 18 or older can be punished for having sex with a 14—year-old.
The age of consent in Liechtenstein is Sexual activity with 14—year olds is generally legal, but it can still be punished if sexual access to these children has been obtained by exploiting their lack of sexual self-determination.
The age of consent in Lithuania is 16 , as specified by the Lithuanian Criminal Code Previously [ when? The age of consent 14 was not set directly in this article of the Lithuanian criminal code, though.
It has been established by the Lithuanian case law. This meant that both heterosexual and homosexual acts were allowed once a child had reached the age of 14 [ citation needed ].
Until , male homosexual acts were prohibited under the Lithuanian Criminal Code, Article , which was repealed in that year.
The new law set an age of consent of 17 for male oral and anal intercourse, 16 for other male homosexual acts, and 14 for lesbian and heterosexual acts.
In , the law was amended to equalise the age of consent at 14 for all sexual acts; the age of consent was raised to 16 in , regardless of gender and sexual orientation.
The age of consent in Luxembourg is 16 , as specified by the Luxembourgish Penal Code, Article , which reads: "All indecent assaults on modesty committed without violence or threat, by a person or by aiding the person, of a child of either sex, aged less than sixteen, will be punished by imprisonment of one to five years.
The penalty will be imprisonment of five to ten years if the child was less than eleven years old. The age of consent in Malta is Art of Chapter 9 of the Laws of Malta Presumption of violence in cases of carnal knowledge and indecent assault states:.
The punishment is imprisonment from three to nine years, with or without solitary confinement, as described in Art.
The punishment can be increased in certain cases described in Art. A number of aggravating circumstances exist to this blanket provision including: Abuse of parental authority or tutorship, where the victim is under the age of 12 and if the offence is committed by means of threats or deceit.
There is no definition of how old the offender must be: Even another minor can be guilty of this crime,  although there is no evidence that any such case has ever been prosecuted.
The interpretation of the law is situational and at the discretion of the prosecution and the courts, based on relevant factors that may be taken into account to decide whether the minor was actually "defiled".
For example, in two brothers, aged 19 and 20, were found not guilty of defiling a girl, then aged 16 until the age of consent was Their sexual encounters were consensual, and it was clear that the girl had had several previous sexual adventures with several youths.
He had set up a situation in which the boy came to his apartment; as a result of both childish curiosity and what the court deemed to be the guile of the adult man, the boy remained in the apartment even while man first showered and then committed the lewd acts.
In the wording of the law there is no discrimination on the basis of sexual orientation. However, discrimination can result from selective enforcement with regard to individual cases.
Marriage is allowed as early as the age of 16, which until May theoretically would have allowed a case to arise in which a spouse press charges under this article.
In practice, this problem has never arisen. The concept of age-banding employed in for example Canada is not present in the Maltese legal system and sexual activity between one partner who is 15 years old and another who is 16 years old can constitute defilement of minors, depending on the circumstances, with no exception being allowed purely on the basis of the proximity of their ages.
The primary objective of the Act is to transpose the Council of Europe Convention on prevention and combating of violence against women and domestic violence, and it also includes amendments that lowered the age of consent to The age of consent in Moldova is 16 , per Article "Sexual intercourse with a person under 16", and Article "Perverted Actions".
Articles and provide harsher penalties for Rape and Violent Sexual Actions including physical or mental coercion against juveniles.
The age of consent in Monaco is The age of consent in Montenegro is 14 , as set out in Article of the Criminal Code.
Article makes it illegal for a teacher, instructor, guardian, adoptive parent, stepfather, stepmother or other person with a similar position to abuse one's position or authority in order to perform sexual intercourse or an equal act with a minor under 18 entrusted for teaching, education, custody and care.
Article 2 makes it illegal for a person to "provide for performing debauchery, an act equal to it or some other sexual act to a minor".
Article prohibits "Extramarital community with a minor" Article reads: 1 An adult person who lives in an extramarital community with a minor, shall be punished by an imprisonment sentence of three months to three years.
The age of consent in the Netherlands is 16 , as specified by the Dutch Criminal Code:. A person who, out of wedlock, with a person who has reached the age of twelve but has not reached sixteen, performs indecent acts comprising or including sexual penetration of the body is liable to a term of imprisonment of not more than eight years or a fine of the fifth category.
A person who, with a person whom he knows to be unconscious or physically unable to resist or to be suffering from such a degree of mental defect or mental disease that he is incapable or not sufficiently capable of exercising or expressing his will in the matter or of offering resistance, performs indecent acts, or who, with a person who has not yet reached the age of sixteen 16 years, out of wedlock, performs indecent acts, or by whom the latter is enticed into performing, or submitting to such acts, out of wedlock, with a third party, is liable to a term of imprisonment of not more than six years or a fine of the fourth category.
Close-in-age exceptions for consensual acts between adolescents close in age, within "social-ethical norms" are at the discretion of the prosecution.
In the s, the Netherlands gained international attention due to its policies regarding the age of consent. Between and  the Netherlands operated what was in effect an age of consent of 12, subject to qualifications.
The relevant law, passed in November, , permitted sexual intercourse for young people between 12 and 16 in most circumstances, but allowed a challenge by parents or by the Child Protection Agency if there was evidence of exploitation.
The Netherlands has gained an international reputation of being extremely liberal on sexual issues, with some of this due to exaggerated reports in foreign media and claims by foreign politicians, rather than based on reality.
For instance, during the s, some conservative campaigners in the US claimed that children were sold into sexual slavery at "auctions" held in Amsterdam , but did not produce any evidence to support their claims.
Article 1 of the Criminal Code of North Macedonia amended prohibits sexual conduct with a child under Whosoever commits statutory rape or some other sexual act upon a child who has not turned 14 years of age, shall be sentenced to imprisonment of minimum 12 years.
However, Article prohibits an adult living in an extra-marital community with a Juvenile under 18 :. Article 2 prohibits sexual acts with a Juvenile under 18 when there is an abuse of trust or authority:.
Previously Article 71 defined "Child" as a person under 14 , while article 72 defined "Juvenile" as a person under These articles were deleted in the amended code.
Even though one may be found guilty of violating the age of consent code, if those involved are "about equal as regards age and development", the court can exercise its own discretion to suspend passing a sentence.
Sexual relations between two women was never explicitly criminalized, but have been prosecuted under the general indecency law of the Civil Penal Code of The ban on sex between men, which also outlawed cohabitation  as well as sex with animals, was repealed in   bestiality having been recriminalized in .
According to the Svalbard Treaty, Norwegian law is applied as the minimum standard. Poland never imposed laws against homosexuality.
However, in homosexuality was criminalised by the laws of occupying countries see Partitions of Poland. In the new Polish Penal Code after regaining independence was introduced, making the age of consent of 15 for sexual acts, regardless of the sex of the participants.
Art of the Portuguese Penal Code establishes the age of consent as 14 , regardless of gender or sexual orientation, but Art forbids sexual relations between adults and adolescents aged 14 to 16 if it can be said the adult took advantage of the adolescent's inexperience, and Art limits it further, forbidding sexual relations with youth aged 16 to 18 by adults entrusted with their education or assistance.
Anyone who engages in a major sexual act with or under 14 years of age, or causes him to do it with another person, is punished with imprisonment from one to eight years.
If the sexual act of relief consists of copulation, anal intercourse, oral intercourse or vaginal or anal introduction of body parts or objects, the agent is punished with imprisonment of three to ten years.
Whoever commits the acts described in the preceding paragraph for profit is punished with imprisonment from six months to five years.
Those who practice or lead to practice the act described in paragraphs 1 or 2 of the previous article, relative to a minor between 14 and 18 years of age entrusted to him or her for education or assistance, shall be punished with imprisonment from one to eight years.
Whoever commits an act described in paragraph 3 of the previous article, in relation to the minor understood in the previous paragraph of this article and under the conditions described therein, shall be punished with imprisonment of up to one year.
Whoever commits the acts described in the preceding paragraph for profit is punished with imprisonment for up to 5 years.
Who, being older, engages in a major sexual act between the ages of 14 and 16, or causes it to be practiced by him with others, abusing his inexperience, is punished with imprisonment for up to 2 years.
What is Statutory Rape? Age of Consent across the world The Age of Consent ranges from as low as 11 to as high as 20 years old across the world.
Age of Consent Map:. Beispiele für die Übersetzung Schutzaltersgrenze ansehen 4 Beispiele mit Übereinstimmungen. Beispiele für die Übersetzung mündig ansehen 4 Beispiele mit Übereinstimmungen.
Beispiele für die Übersetzung volljährig ansehen 3 Beispiele mit Übereinstimmungen. Beispiele für die Übersetzung Ehemündigkeitsalter ansehen 1 Beispiele mit Übereinstimmungen.
Beispiele, die Zustimmungsalter enthalten, ansehen 4 Beispiele mit Übereinstimmungen. Beispiele, die Volljährigkeit enthalten, ansehen 3 Beispiele mit Übereinstimmungen.
Beispiele, die Mündigkeitsalter enthalten, ansehen 2 Beispiele mit Übereinstimmungen. The same human rights organizations from cold Europe also meant that in tropical South East Asia an " age of consent of 18" should be introduced.
Dieselben Menschenrechtsorganisationen aus dem kalten Europa meinten dann auch noch, im tropischen Südostasien sollte ein " Schutzalter 18" eingeführt werden.
Schutzalter 18" eingeführt werden. It was only after the decision of the European Commission of Human Rights in the Sutherland case that this issue received a very positive response, and it was made clear that a different age of consent contravened Article 8 of the European Convention on Human Rights.
Down with the reactionary concept of " age of consent "! Weg mit dem reaktionären Konzept der " Minderjährigkeit "!
The copyright for published objects created by the Plurilingualism Research Unit remains solely with the Plurilingualism Research Unit.
Reproduction or use of such objects in other electronic or printed publications is not permitted without the express consent of the Plurilingualism Research Unit.
Eine Vervielfältigung oder Verwendung solcher Objekte in anderen elektronischen oder gedruckten Publikationen ist ohne ausdrückliche Zustimmung des FB Plurilingualismus nicht gestattet.
The reproduction or use of any such graphics, audio documents, video sequences or texts in other electronic or printed publications is prohibited without the author s expressed consent.
Das Copyright für veröffentlichte, vom Autor selbst erstellte Objekte bleibt allein beim Autor der Seiten. Eine Vervielfältigung oder Verwendung solcher Grafiken, Tondokumente, Videosequenzen und Texte in anderen elektronischen oder gedruckten Publikationen ist ohne ausdrückliche Zustimmung des Autors nicht gestattet.
Where data is not subject to specific terms, we delete it or block it once the reasons we collected it for cease to apply. If you have agreed to a longer duration for storing, processing and using your data, we will delete or block your data after this duration expires or should your revoke your consent refer to the supplementary data protection statement for applicants.
Sofern Daten nicht von solchen festgeschriebenen Fristen erfasst sind, werden sie gelöscht oder gesperrt, wenn die Zwecke, zu denen sie erhoben wurden, entfallen.
Sofern Sie in eine längeren Dauer der Speicherung, Verarbeitung und Nutzung Ihrer Daten eingewilligt haben, werden wir die Daten nach Ablauf der jeweiligen Dauer oder bei Widerruf Ihrer Einwilligung löschen oder sperren siehe ergänzende Datenschutzerklärung für Bewerber.
You can withdraw your consent to your data and e-mail address being recorded and used to send newsletters at any time.
Weitere Daten werden nicht erhoben. Right to Information According to the Federal Data Protection Act Bundesdatenschutzgesetz you have the right to free information about your stored data as well as the right to correct, block, or delete this data if necessary.
Contact for Data Protection If you have questions concerning the collection, processing, or use of your personal data, or for information about, correction, blocking, or deletion of data as well as revocation of consents granted, please contact: www.
Ansprechpartner für den Datenschutz Bei Fragen zur Erhebung, Verarbeitung, Speicherung oder Nutzung Ihrer personenbezogenen Daten, bei Auskünften, Berichtigung, Sperrung oder Löschung von Daten und dem Widerruf erteilter Einwilligungen , sowie für alle weiteren Fragen in Zusammenhang mit dem Datenschutz wenden Sie sich bitte an: datenschutz zdf-enterprises.
Visibility of your personal data to other users By giving consent to the appropriate use and processing of personal data, all active participants agree that their name will be released and thus made visible to other users.
Newsletters www. Name, Adresse, Email-Adresse freigeschaltet und damit für andere Nutzer sichtbar werden. Newsletter www.
Data privacy contact Should you have any questions on the gathering, processing or use of your personal details, or in regard to information sought, or requests for correction, blocking or removal of data, as well as revocation of any consents granted, please write to: datenschutz rammstein.
Individual pages of this website may be downloaded for use within your company, be temporarily stored and printed.
Any other reproduction, transmission or distributions of any content of this website, through download, save or print is forbidden without the express consent of mdlegal.
Jede andere Vervielfältigung, Übertragung oder Verbreitung jeglichen Inhalts dieser Webseite, insbesondere durch Herunterladen, Speichern oder Drucken, ist ohne die ausdrückliche Einwilligung von mdlegal verboten.
If you have any questions on the collection, processing, or use of your personal data, or if you are seeking information, correction, suspension or deletion of data, or if you want to revoke your consent to using your data, please contact: www.
The Church of Our Lady withstood the bombing of February 13, , but two days later the meanwhile completely burnt out church collapsed as a result of the enormous heat.
In the Dresden city council gave its consent to the historical reconstruction of the world-famous Dresden Church of Our Lady in order to return to Dresden its most important landmark decades after the end of the Second World War.
Februar sank die mittlerweile total ausgebrannte Kirche auf Grund der enormen Hitze in sich zusammen. Um der Stadt Dresden Jahrzehnte nach dem Krieg ihr wichtigstes Wahrzeichen wieder zurückzugeben, gab die Dresdner Stadtverordnetenversammlung ihre Zustimmung zum historischen Wiederaufbau der weltberühmten Dresdner Frauenkirche.
A person who is being detained or is serving a sentence in the territory of one State Party whose presence in another State Party is requested for purposes of testimony, identification or otherwise providing assistance in obtaining evidence for the investigation or prosecution of offences under this Convention may be transferred if the following conditions are met : a The person freely gives his or her informed consent ; and b The competent authorities of both States agree, subject to such conditions as those States may deem appropriate.
These 2, cases represent only a small proportion of a total of more than , women who were sterilized in the s, most of them poor Indigenous and campesino women who stated they had not given their full and informed consent.
Die meisten dieser Frauen sind in Armut lebende Indigene und Kleinbäuerinnen, die nach eigenen Angaben niemals eine volle und auf Sachkenntnis basierende Zustimmung zu ihrer Sterilisierung gaben.
More than , car ads, real estate, jobs, meetings and much more in the UK with photos. By using this website you give your consent to store cookies on your device.
There will be no transfer of your data to third parties. Es erfolgt keine Weitergabe Ihrer Daten an Dritte. The addressee thereby gives his consent to receive newsletters or other electronic mail.
Der Adressat erteilt damit seine Zustimmung , Newsletter oder andere elektronische Post zu empfangen. Use and disclosure of personal data If you have provided us with personal data, we use it only to respond to your queries, to carry out contracts entered into with you, for technical administration and if forced to do so by Austrian authorities after appropriate legal proceedings.
Your personal data is disclosed to third parties only if this is necessary for carrying out the contract or if you have given your prior consent.
You have the right to revoke your consent at any time, effective from that point forward. Gebrauch und Weitergabe von persönlichen Angaben Von Ihnen an uns übermittelte persönliche Angaben werden nur zur Beantwortung Ihrer Fragen, zum Abschluss von Verträgen und für die technische Verwaltung verwendet und nur auf Anfrage von österreichischen Behörden nach entsprechenden Gerichtsverfahren weitergegeben.
Your information is never sold to third parties. Any transfer of data to third parties occurs only if an order is issued by public or government agencies or judicial authorities or if doing so is required for the fulfillment of contractual obligations, credit protection purposes, or if your explicit consent has been given.
In keinem Fall werden die Daten an Dritte verkauft. Nutzen wir Daten zur Analyse und Verbesserung der Website? You may request at any time that the OECD corrects your personal information in its records.
You may also request the deletion of such information, except when it has been collected for a specific purpose for which you have given your consent , for the performance of a contract to which you are a party, or in order to comply with a legal obligation.
Sie können auch die Löschung dieser Daten beantragen, es sei denn, ihre Erhebung sei für einen bestimmten Zweck erfolgt, zu dem Sie Ihre Einwilligung gegeben haben, für die Ausführung eines Vertrags, den Sie unterzeichnet haben, oder um einer gesetzlichen Verpflichtung nachzukommen.
In the night of February 18, the wedding took place in the chapel at Brandhof near Mariazell. I told her the tour had a one-night stay scheduled in Amsterdam and that I needed closure.
She understood, gave me her consent , but feared for my safety. Towards the end of the 18th century, other European countries also began to enact similar laws.
The first French Constitution of established the minimum age at eleven years. Portugal, Spain, Denmark and the Swiss cantons initially set the minimum age at ten to twelve years.
Age of consent laws were, historically, difficult to follow and enforce: legal norms based on age were not, in general, common until the 19th century, because clear proof of exact age and precise date of birth were often unavailable.
In Australia, 18th century thought was that children were inherently sinful and vulnerable to sexual temptations.
Punishment for "giving in" to these temptations was generally left to parents and was not seen as a government matter, except in the case of rape.
By the midth century there was increased concern over child sexual abuse. A general shift in social and legal attitudes toward issues of sex occurred during the modern era.
Attitudes on the appropriate age of permission for females to engage in sexual activity drifted toward adulthood. While ages from ten to thirteen years were typically regarded as acceptable ages for sexual consent in Western countries during the midth century,  by the end of the 19th century changing attitudes towards sexuality and childhood resulted in the raising of the age of consent.
English common law had traditionally set the age of consent within the range of ten to twelve years old, but the Offences Against the Person Act raised this to thirteen in Great Britain and Ireland.
Early feminists of the Social Purity movement , such as Josephine Butler and others, instrumental in securing the repeal of the Contagious Diseases Acts , began to turn towards the problem of child prostitution by the end of the s.
Sensational media revelations about the scourge of child prostitution in London in the s then caused outrage among the respectable middle-classes, leading to pressure for the age of consent to be raised again.
The investigative journalist William Thomas Stead of the Pall Mall Gazette was pivotal in exposing the problem of child prostitution in the London underworld through a publicity stunt.
In he "purchased" one victim, Eliza Armstrong , the thirteen-year-old daughter of a chimney sweep , for five pounds and took her to a brothel where she was drugged.
The "Maiden Tribute" was an instant sensation with the reading public, and Victorian society was thrown into an uproar about prostitution.
Fearing riots on a national scale, the Home Secretary , Sir William Harcourt , pleaded in vain with Stead to cease publication of the articles.
A wide variety of reform groups held protest meetings and marched together to Hyde Park demanding that the age of consent be raised.
The government was forced to propose the Criminal Law Amendment Act , which raised the age of consent from thirteen to sixteen and clamped down on prostitution.
In the United States, as late as the s most states set the minimum age at ten to twelve in Delaware, it was seven in The campaign was successful, with almost all states raising the minimum age to sixteen to eighteen years by In France , Portugal, Denmark, the Swiss cantons and other countries, the minimum age was raised to between thirteen and sixteen years in the following decades.
In France, under the Napoleonic Code , the age of consent was set in at eleven,  and was raised to thirteen in In Spain , it was set in at "puberty age", and changed to twelve in ,  which was kept until , when it became 13;   and in it was raised to In the 21st century, concerns about child sex tourism and commercial sexual exploitation of children gained international prominence, and have resulted in legislative changes in several jurisdictions, as well as in the adoption of several international instruments.
The Protocol to Prevent, Suppress and Punish Trafficking in Persons, especially Women and Children , which came into force in , prohibits commercial sexual exploitation of children.
The Council of Europe Convention on Action against Trafficking in Human Beings which came into force in also deals with commercial sexual exploitation of children.
Several Western countries have raised their ages of consent recently. These include Canada in —from 14 to 16 ; and in Europe, Iceland in —from 14 to 15 , Lithuania in —from 14 to 16 , Croatia in —from 14 to 15 , and Spain in —from 13 to Sexual relations with a person under the age of consent is a crime in most countries; exceptions to this include Yemen, and Saudi Arabia.
Jurisdictions use a variety of terms for the offense, including child sexual abuse , statutory rape , illegal carnal knowledge , corruption of a minor ,  besides others.
The enforcement practices of age-of-consent laws vary depending on the social sensibilities of the particular culture see above.
Often, enforcement is not exercised to the letter of the law, with legal action being taken only when a sufficiently socially-unacceptable age gap exists between the two individuals, or if the perpetrator is in a position of power over the minor e.
The sex of each participant can also influence perceptions of an individual's guilt and therefore enforcement. The threshold age for engaging in sexual activity varies between jurisdictions.
Most jurisdictions have set a fixed age of consent. Ages can also vary based on the type of calendar used, such as the Lunar calendar ,  how birth dates in leap years are handled, or even the method by which birth date is calculated.
The age of consent is a legal barrier to the minor's ability to consent and therefore obtaining consent is not in general a defense to having sexual relations with a person under the prescribed age, for example:.
A growing number of countries have specific extraterritorial legislation that prosecutes their citizens in their homeland should they engage in illicit sexual conduct in a foreign country with children.